Science | Corax



Private property decisive factor behind the neolithic revolution, farming initially no more productive than hunting and gathering but facilitated the application of property rights, according to study published in the Journal of Political Economy

The Nobel Prize of Chemistry jointly awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for the development of lithium-ion batteries [pdf]

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly awarded to William G. Kaelin Jr., Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability

Russian space agency Roscosmos report that they have found the cause of a hole in the International Space Station but refuse to share the information, the hole appeared last year in the Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft that was docked to the station, caused loss of air pressure and was repaired using epoxy, gauze and tape

Scientists think they have found way to stop common cold and related viruses which can cause paralysis, genetically turning off protein inside cells the viruses need to replicate gave complete protection in trial on mice, plan to find drug which can temporarily suppress the protein

Chinese scientist might be closer to a HIV cure after trials using gene-editing technique CRISPR to edit the CCR5 gene show promise

International collaboration claims to have created hybridized human-monkey embryos in China, aims to create organ factories for transplants, project leader Juan Carlos Izpisúa Belmonte previously failed to grow pig embryos using human stem cells

Russian space mission carrying the Spektr-RG telescope launched from Baikonur, Kazakhstan, joint venture with Germany aims to map X-rays across entire sky, trace the large-scale structure of Universe, provide insights on accelerating behaviour of cosmic expansion and identify a large number of new X-ray sources, including large black holes

New research on hominin skull fossil Apidima 1 suggests Homo Sapiens were in Europe more than 200,000 years ago, 150,000 years earlier than modern humans were believed to have spread to the continent, fossil was found in Greece in the 1970s

Researchers find correlation between amount of money in a lost wallet and return rate, the more money the bigger likelihood to report a lost wallet, contrary to predictions made by top-performing academic economists

Ionizing radiation not as dangerous to astronauts as previously believed, study of 418 spacefaring individuals finds no increased risk of death from cancer or heart disease

Planting trees most effective method of countering climate change, say researchers at ETH Zürich, planet has room for 500 billion more trees which would bind 200 billion tonnes of carbon and reduce atmospheric carbon by 25%

13-year-old Canadian Nora Keegan publishes research paper examining loudness of automated hand dryers on children's heights, assessing 44 different models, some operating at 110 decibels, also developed a synthetic air filter reduces noise by 11 decibels

Swedish and British scientists show individual’s genetic make-up has great influence on whether they choose to acquire a dog, concordance rates of dog ownership much larger in identical twins than in non-identical ones, next step to identify which genetic variants affect this choice using data from Swedish Twin Registry

Parents who raise their children as vegans should face prosecution, according to Royal Academy of Medicine of Belgium, comes after a number of deaths related to the diet, an estimated 3% of Belgian children forced to eat vegan

32-year-old Greek woman gives birth to boy with DNA from three people, using experimental form of IVF using an egg from the mother, sperm from the father and another egg from a donor woman, some say procedure raises ethical questions, Dr Panagiotis Psathas, president of Institute of Life in Athens, says every woman's inalienable right to become a mother with her own genetic material has become a reality

International collaboration Event Horizon Telescope says it captured first ever image of a black hole, located at center of galaxy Messier 87, 55 million light-years from Earth and with a mass 6.5 billion times that of the Sun

Most links between personality traits and life outcomes replicated in large-scale project, but associations may not be as strong as reported in results originally published

Japanese Hayabusa-2 spacecraft thought to have detonated explosive charge on asteroid Ryugu, idea to create artificial crater to better understand how Earth was formed in early Solar System, probe later to return to gather samples from gouged depression

Study on mosquito feeding and breeding habits finds insects are less likely to eat or reproduce when Skrillex song "Scary Monsters and Nice Sprites" is playing, researchers believe findings can be used to help develop ways to control Aedes aegypti-carried diseases

55% of non-cyclists rate cyclists not completely human, Australian study with 442 participants conclude, 9% admit they used their car to cut off a cyclist, professor Narelle Haworth finds the word "cyclist" dehumanising and wants to replace it with "people who ride bikes"

Tyrannosaurus rex discovered 1991 in western Canada world's biggest, team of paleontologists say after decades-long skeleton reconstruction process, estimated at 13 meters and more than 8,800 kilos, T. rex nicknamed Scotty is the oldest known having lived into its 30s

Mitochondrial DNA analysis may identify serial killer Jack the Ripper as Polish barber Aaron Kosminski, was identified by witness to one of the killings who then refused to testify against him, scientists analyzed blood-stained shawl from fourth victim Catherine Eddowes, linking Kosminski to the crimes

Chimpanzees living in proximity to humans are losing their capacity for diverse behaviour, some behaviours not yet documented may be lost through this process, researchers underscore the importance of conservation efforts

European particle physics research centre Cern decides not to extend Professor Alessandro Strumia's status of guest professor, decision follows investigation into comments made by Prof Strumia on gender equality, have said "physics was invented and built by men, it's not by invitation" and that work conducted by female physicists is not as good as their male counterparts

Person with HIV seems free of virus after receiving a stem-cell transplant from donor with two copies of mutation in CCR5 gene that gives people resistance to HIV infection, second patient free of HIV which could pave way for future treatments

The Food and Drug Administration approves antidepressant medication Spravato for patients with major depressive disorder who have tried other antidepressant medicines but have not responded to treatment, medication works within hours rather than weeks as is common with other drugs, comes in a nasal spray but will only be available through a restricted distribution system

Scientists inject nanoparticle into mice eyes giving them "supervision", researchers in China and Massachusetts used an "ocular nanoparticle" that granted the mice ability to perceive near-infrared light, normal vision was unharmed in the procedure

NASA satellites reveal iceberg twice the size of New York City threatens to break free from Antarctica as two cracks are about to meet, could threaten research stations operating in Antarctica

Japanese spacecraft Hayabusa2 successfully lands on "Ryugu" asteroid 280 million km from Earth, the mission was delayed four months as the JAXA crew searched for an appropriate landing site, samples will be collected and returned to Earth intended to answer questions about the origins of the solar system

Funeral remains found in Iberian Peninsula demonstrate humans domesticated foxes during Bronze Age, researchers use multiple methods to analyze diet composition of recovered dogs and foxes which indicate shared food sources with humans, "Can Roqueta" fox shows a wounded animal whose ligaments appear to have been healed by human methods, evidence of cereal-based diet and spinal injuries suggests dogs used for carrying heavy loads

NASA plans to return Americans to the Moon by 2028 using private companies, with the help of a space station in the Moon's orbit they plan to make it possible to go back and forth regularly with humans, last person to walk the Moon was Eugene Cernan in December 1972

Women's brains average 3.8 years younger than brains of men at same ages, team studied how much oxygen and glucose the brains of over 200 individuals were using which revealed the metabolic age, study published by researchers from Washington University School of Medicine

E-cigarettes more effective smoking cessation than nicotine-replacement therapy, study shows, 886 participants underwent randomization and received weekly behavioral support, 1-year abstinence rate was 18% in the e-cigarette group, as compared with 10% in the nicotine-replacement group

Israeli biomedical research team claims they will have complete cure for cancer in 1 year, "MuTaTo" technology targets peptide chains versus popular strategy of targeting antibodies

Numerous sleep studies contribute to the sense of a public health-crisis around sleep deprivation, links established between longevity and quality and quantity of sleep over time, school administrators considering changing school schedules to accommodate child sleep patterns

Researchers conclude children with early experiences of conflict with mothers have trouble developing purpose later in life, the Washington University team will publish their findings in Journal of Youth and Adolescence based on 1,074 person sample, contributes to growing literature connecting early childhood experiences with adult life outcomes

New research in PLOS Genetics journal claims obesity and "healthy thinness" has genetic link, scientists studied DNA samples of over 14,000 people with varying body types, academics caution that despite genetic link most obesity is acquired in adulthood due to environmental and lifestyle factors

New scientific research claims link between bacteria causing gum disease and Alzheimer's, Porphyromonas gingivalis blamed for slicing up tau proteins which lead to neuron destruction and dementia

Chinese moon mission successfully sprouts cotton seeds, the Chang'e-4 team brought a specialized canister designed by teams from 28 Chinese universities, concerns raised over contaminating moon environment while growing encouragement about future spacefarers raising their own crops

Study finds risk of death reduced by as much as 35% if half hour of sitting replaced by activity of any kind, results published in American Journal of Epidemiology followed 7,999 individuals over four years, highlights risk of sedentary lifestyles and the simple means by which health outcomes can be improved

Nobel Prize-winning scientist James Watson stripped of honorary titles by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, which he once headed, over his views about intelligence and race, Watson is one of three who discovered the DNA double helix

Quick and erratic motion of north magnetic pole forces geologists update World Magnetic Model that aids global navigation, Earth’s north magnetic pole is skittering away from Canada and towards Siberia, the pole crossed the International Date Line into the Eastern Hemisphere in 2018

Blocking of irisin hormone in mice studies induced learning and memory difficulties, the hormone is naturally generated in healthy humans through physical exercise, researchers believe a drug could be synthesized to give immobile patients the mental benefits of the hormone

Chinese probe Chang'e-4 becomes first to land on far side of the moon, communicates with Earth through satellite in orbit around moon

NASA New Horizons spacecraft approaches Ultima Thule 4 billion miles from the Sun, furthest distance ever covered by an Earth-launched craft, the vehicle left Earth in 2006 and requires 20 months to transmit all recent data

Sir Melvyn Greaves developing drinkable microbe cure for childhood leukemia, research shows combination of genetic mutation in the womb and non-primed immune system cause leukemia, changes in lifestyle result in increasing rates of "affluent" disease in developed world children

Irish soil considered medicinal in ancient times found to have superbug-fighting bacterial strains, researchers from Swansea University examined Boho Highlands dirt as part of ethnopharmacology movement, growing global interest seeks modern remedies in folk healing traditions

Spanish researcher demonstrates threat of reverse zoonosis in Antarctic wildlife, Marta Cerda-Cuellar collected guano specimens from nearly 700 birds over 3 years, discovered transmission of human pathogens via Antarctic researchers to bird populations

NASA's InSight sends back audio of wind on Mars captured by lander's seismometer, pitch of the audio increased by two octaves for those who can't hear the original

5,000-year old tomb in Sweden reveals Stone Age strain of human plague, scientists suggest this may have been the first pandemic of human history, Neolithic Decline of 4,900 years ago may be explained by spread of disease

Chinese Prof He Jiankui claims of genetically-modified human twins "monstrous", global scientists and medical professionals say tampering with CCR5 gene related to HIV-resistance unethical

Florida ant species found to chemically mimic trap-jaw ants to neutralize their defenses, Formica archboldi known for collecting the heads of trap-jaw ants in nests after dismembering their bodies

Roundworm sperm retain modified histone packaging and can thereby transmit epigenetic information, according to study at UC Santa Cruz, similar findings have been reported in studies on zebrafish

Astronomers find evidence of a proto supercluster galaxy nicknamed Hyperion, was created merely 2 billion years after the Big Bang and is a trillion times as large as the sun

Three American academics performed a hoax on academic journals by getting fake "grievance studies" published, the goal was to demonstrate degrading standards for scholarship and included an article with repurposed passages from "Mein Kampf"

2018 Nobel Prize in Physics awarded jointly to American Arthur Ashkin and Frenchman Gerard Mourou, the two scientists were recognized "for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics"

2018 Nobel Prize in Chemistry awarded jointly to Americans Frances Arnold and George Smith, the two scientists were recognized “for the directed evolution of enzymes” and “for the phage display of peptides and antibodies”

Physicist Alessandro Strumia of Pisa University suspended from CERN project after remarks on sexism in science, the professor claimed that women were being given sexist preference over men according to his research, the European organization deemed his comments "unacceptable"

Archaeologists unearth Neolithic village near Tell el-Samara that predates pyramids of Giza in Egypt, the remains suggest human settlement as early as 5,000 BCE

A British study claims that goats have an ability to perceive human facial expressions, the goats favored smiling expressions in a limited experiment, supporters of the study hope it highlights goat sentience and the need for animal welfare

Harvard research paper finds "trigger warnings" reduce psychological resiliency, the study by three Harvard psychologists concludes that the popular practice is likely to increase psychological sensitivity for those predisposed to such reactions, suggests that trigger warnings do more harm than good in promoting the reaction they seek to avoid

Hottest recorded rainfall of 48,3 degrees Celsius falls in Imperial, CA, USA, residents report the experience as making it hard to breathe, rainfall part of a larger series of hot weather phenomena recorded in California and globally

Lauren Westafer: Gibson's study claimed to show causal correlation between alcohol consumption during breastfeeding and impaired cognition in child ridiculous data dredging and p-chasing without clinical significance, alcohol passes to breast milk in negligible amounts, other high-risk behaviors more likely to be cause of observed harm in children

Breast cancer patient healthy after experimental treatment which injected her with large amounts of lab reproductions of own white blood cells

Men who have used psychedelics are half as likely to use violence in close relationships, according to study at University of British Columbia

Ukrainian doctors claim to have used DNA from three different people to create babies for infertile women, four children to have been produced this way with another three patients pregnant

Lead pollution in Greenlandic ice correlates to expansion of Roman empire and events thought to have affected silver production

Scientists at Max Planck Institute in German Leipzig to grow lentil-sized Neanderthal brain organoids via human stem cells edited to contain Neanderthal DNA to understand "why humans seem to be cognitively so special", organoids to be incapable of thoughts or feelings but will replicate basic adult brain structures

American soldier undergoes first successful transplant of penis and scrotum at Johns Hopkins University Hospital in Baltimore, injured by IED in Afghanistan, professor W.P. Andrew Lee hopeful patient will regain near normal urinary and sexual functions

Prion infection similar to mad cow disease discovered in Algerian camels, unclear if transmission to humans possible

Austrian psychiatrist Hans Asperger collaborated with Nazi euthanasia program according to medical historian Herwig Czech, referred 35 children to infamous clinic Am Spiegelgrund wehere 800 children were murdered

Children's reading ability determines how much they choose to read, rather than vice versa, according to Dutch study covering 12,000 twins

Autodidact fossil hunter in Lilstock, England finds bones of ichthyosaur which is calculated to have been 26 meter long, could mean ancient aquatic creatures were largest animals ever, other skeletons presumed to be from land-living dinosaurs could be from marine reptiles

One in three men and one in four women in Germany smoke, according to poll with 12,200 participants, highest proportion of smokers in Brandenburg and among people with low education or income (German)

Marmoset monkeys more likely to share food with young when out of sight from rest of group, surprise researchers at University of Zürich

Rare form of ice discovered inside diamond, first time ice-VII has been observed outside laboratory, characterized by cubic crystal structure created by very high pressure

Bones found on Nikumaroro island in Pacific Ocean 1940 probably belonged to Amelia Earhart who three years earlier tried to become first female pilot to cross Pacific, according to study published in Forensic Anthropology

US aircraft carrier USS Lexington that was sunk by Japan during Battle of the Coral Sea in 1942 found at depth of 3km by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen's company Vulcan, will not be retrieved as it is considered to be war grave

Hearing and balance symptoms experienced by embassy employees in Cuba may be explained by interference between several ultrasound signals used in eavesdropping, according to researcher at University of Michigan

Gray and originally North American squirrel now 15 times more common than red ones in UK, may be due to superior problem solving capacity according to researches at Exeter and Edinburgh universities who has compared species in experiments

Fish oil based supplements did not lower risk of coronary heart disease in big meta-analysis published in JAMA Cardiology

Naked mole rats do not age, according to scientists who followed 3,329 individuals in lab during more than 30 years, every given day the risk for a rat to die is 1 in 10,000 and this does not change with age of rat

Japanese space probe Akatsuki in orbit around Venus, sends unique images of cloud layers in planet's atmosphere

Stay-at-home moms with children under 3 years of age happier than ditto full-time workers, link strongest among mothers who left higher quality employment for childcare, according to self-reported 2004–2014 data from 30 European countries

Public servants tend to incorrectly conclude data aligns with their ideological preferences, according to study sampling 2,778 World Bank and UK Department for International Development officials' response to table under different framings

Animal testing shows invertebrates can feel pain, crabs and lobsters deserve protection from boiling alive, hard to see animals suffering according to animal rights activists, biggest problem in the food industry where animals are often mutilated without being killed

New form of matter excitonium proven 50 years after being theorized, made up of electrons exciting valence band and forming exciton bosons by pairing up with the "holes" they left, possible technological applications purely speculative

Astronomers confirm mysterious 400 meter long object hurtling past the sun is an interstellar asteroid, absorbs 96% of the light that falls on its surface and was named 1I/2017 U1(’Oumuamua)

Large abnormal void identified in Great Pyramid of Giza with help of non-invasive muography technique, debate concerning purpose of cavity expected

Astronomers observe interstellar object for first time, A/2017 U1 entered solar system perpendicular to its plane and is thought to be stray asteroid or comet from far away star

Stephen Hawking's PhD thesis 'Properties of expanding universes' now available as Open Access, first published in 1966

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency detects enormous cave under the moon's surface, formed by volcanic activity, could protect settlers against heat, cold and radiation

Navigational abilities differ significantly between countries, average result correlates with GDP per capita according to study with 2.5 million participants from all over the world

NASA plans a manned journey to Mars within the next couple of decades, astronauts will be subjected to unusual types of physiological and psychological challenges

Study on mice indicates that both black and green tea increase the body's metabolism, black tea polyphenols stimulate produktion of short-chain fatty acids in the gut

Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in chemistry for the development of cryo-electron microscopy, where biomolecules through freezing can be visualized in electron microscopes, something long believed only to be possible for imaging dead matter

Rainer Weiss, Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in physics for their contributions to the laser based LIGO detector, which in 2015 for the first time detected gravitational waves from two colliding black holes

Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering the molecular mechanisms controlling circadian rhythm

45 cm long tree-dwelling rat weighing 1 kg discovered in Solomon Islands, named Uromys vika in honor of local name for the rodent