Science | Corax

Science

Science

Adenocarcinoma constitutes larger share of lung cancer, holes in light cigarette filters likely cause as it changes combustion and more carcinogens are inhaled, according to review 

Very low frequency radio waves seem to protect against Van Allen radiation belt according to measurements by Van Allen probes during solar storm 

15 of 16 sea salt products from brands worldwide contain plastic or plastic residues, levels not harmful to human health at present, according to toxicology study from Malaysia 

Women's underrepresentation in executive roles can be explained by the fact that it makes them unhappy to a greater extent, according to empirical study of German household data 

Myth that obese people can be healthy according to study of 3.5 million people's medical records, are often affected by heart problems and diabetes later in life 

Pancreatic islets transplanted to omentum in type 1 diabetic restored insulin independence, decreased effect one year after transplantation 

People who drink energy drinks mixed with alcohol experience an increased intoxication which leads to increased risk behavior, reason psychological according to study in Journal of Consumer Psychology 

Study of all drugs approved by FDA between 2001-2010 shows that one third of them gave side effects not known at the time of approval, some life threatening, impossible to detect all side effects 

Study in the UK shows more than half of e-cigarette users have quit tobacco, increase of e-cigarette has evened out, not all users convinced that e-cigarettes are less harmful 

New dangerous opioid combination called "gray death" sold in several US states, looks like cement mix and consists of heroin, fentanyl, carfentanil and U-47700, impossible for user to know how strong it is, can be absorbed through skin 

Largest outbreak of measles in Minnesota for 25 years, Somalis most affected as only 40% are vaccinated, belief that vaccines cause autism contributes to problem but lacks scientific evidence 

Precise data on how fast people walk can predict dementia and other diseases, to be measured with new device based on reflection of radio waves 

Type 2 diabetes and obesity associated with gray matter atrophy in MRI study of 150 people, temporal lobe most vulnerable 

Study finds that bricks can be made on Mars simply by pressurizing soil, iron oxide in the soil acts as a binder, is stronger than reinforced concrete 

Findings of bones from animals near San Diego are said to be processed with stone hammer, the bones 130,000 years old while previous findings have indicated 15,000 years, walked over a frozen Bering Strait from Asia, several researchers skeptical 

Researcher finds that larva Galleria mellonella eats plastic and transforms it into glycol, unclear how process works but identifying the active enzyme would be helpful for managing plastic waste 

New form of northern lights categorized through images posted to Facebook, 25 kilometer wide gas stream 3000 degrees hotter than surrounding air named Steve by discovering group 

107 scientific papers on cancer research retracted from journal Tumor Biology after revelation of fake peer review where researchers chose their own reviewers 

Homo floresiensis not descended from Homo erectus, bone structure dissimilar especially in jaw and pelvis, according to study in Journal of Human Evolution 

People over 45 who drink diet soda may be at greater risk of dementia and stroke, according to a study in Massachusetts, was unable to prove that artificial sweeteners were the cause of the diseases 

China continues space program by sending unmanned spacecraft to Tiangong-2 space station which will be completed in 2022 and carry out scientific experiments, offers funding for other countries' travel to station 

Asteroid 2014 JO25 passes Earth at 4.6 times distance to moon, is at most 1,300 meters long, next known asteroid passing close to Earth will be in 2027 

Influenza viruses can be cured with mucus from frogs, according to study, peptides bind to microbes and kills them, tests on mice indicate that several types of influenza can be eliminated 

Researchers use MOF, metals mixed with organic compounds, to capture water vapor from the air that becomes drinkable water, requires very little energy, work even in the most arid regions on Earth 

Saturn's moon Enceladus has almost all components necessary for live, abundant hydrogen molecules in water and probably methane, according to NASA 

Dwarf planet 2014 UZ224, also known as DeeDee, determined to be second to most distant body in solar system with confirmed orbit, is 635 kilometers in diameter and should have enough mass to be spherical 

Every fifth published data set about genetics contains name errors, automatic cell formatting in Excel important contributing cause, according to review of 704 studies  

Jellyfish may have been first animals on Earth according to study in Nature Ecology & Evolution where genes of fungi, animals and plants are compared  

Researchers at UC Berkeley study how forces interact to untie shoe laces, results may shed light on how DNA is destroyed by similar dynamic forces 

Canadian ice core archive loses parts of collection as freezer malfunctions, oldest samples from Mount Logan melts 

British American Tobacco claims smoking kills, e-cigarettes healthier, has invested a billion dollars in vaping research, Royal College of Physicians shares view 

People not negative to inequality but to unfairness, prefer fair inequality to unfair equality, according to research review in Nature Human Behaviour 

Newborn stars collide in Orion molecular cloud, resulting explosion produces as much energy as the Sun over 10 million years, astronomers in Chile take high resolution pictures 

Vaccine against acne will soon begin testing on patients, antibody against toxin produced by Proprionobacterium acnes 

Early humans were cannibals but for ritualistic rather than nutritional reasons, eating deceased may have been way of showing respect to relatives, according to researcher at University of Brighton 

Researchers studying microgravity offer EUR 16,000 to 24 candidates who will lie in bed for 60 days, one shoulder must always be in contact with the bed, want to know what happens to the body 

Researchers in Australia confirms bursts of radio waves come from outer space with 18 000 square meter telescope which will be improved to link radio waves to specific galaxies 

No strong evidence that smart phone usage weakens attention, memory or delay of gratification, according to review published in Frontiers in Psychology 

Brazilian bank hacked by domain names being pointed to phishing websites, national domain registry denies hack but admits website vulnerability 

The antibiotic doxycycline can be helpful in treating post-traumatic stress disorder, research of 76 healthy people shows, works by disrupting with the formation of negative thoughts in the brain 

Researchers develop membrane of graphene oxide that can desalinate water and make it drinkable, possible to mass produce and can be used in poor countries 

British university imposes gender neutral language on exams, students risk lower grades if "he" is used 

American badger in Utah bury cow carcass set out by scientists in the wilderness, badger one-third as large as the cow, much of the badger's behavior unknown 

Fang blenny fish at Great Barrier Reef injects adversaries with poison which could be link to next big pain medication, says researchers at University of Queensland and emphasizes need to preserve unique habitats 

Research show that people feeling lonely felt sicker when having a cold, improvement of mental health can have major impact and save money 

Playing Tetris shortly after a traumatic event can prevent post-traumatic stress, researchers hopeful ahead of trying other games 

Saturn's moon Titan largely composed of electrostatically charged sand, explains how dunes form in opposite direction of winds 

Researchers believe that diet may have influenced brain size, fruit-eating and the consumption of animal products led to larger brains compared to leaf-eating, questions whether larger social life gave rise to larger brains 

New vaccine Rotasiil against rotavirus 67% effective in preventing severe diarrhea caused by virus, according to study on 3,500 children in Africa, can last for months without refrigeration 

Dinosaurs appeared 15 million years earlier than previously thought, may have originated in present day Britain, say researchers in first re-evaluation in 130 years 

Researchers can estimate probability of Alzheimer's disease through age and genetic testing, research mostly based on people with European ancestry 

Heart attacks and strokes may be reduced by drug Evolocumab, reduces LDL cholesterol levels according to study in New England Journal of Medicine 

Researchers show mathematically that third law of thermodynamics is correct, can help quantum computers 

New paper based test determines blood type in 30 seconds, useful in emergency rooms and war zones, on market within 1-2 years 

Blue Origin's first space flights with passengers will not be subject to regulations, receives written warning that rocket is not certified by the US government 

Ibuprofen and diclofenac associated with increased risk of cardiac arrest, 31 and 50% respectively, in Danish study of 28,000 people who had cardiac arrest outside hospitals surveyed, 

Fossils of red algae unearthed in India may be 400 million years older than anything resembling such life, discovery of 1.6 billion-year-old fossil indicates visible life might have emerged earlier than previously thought 

Study by NASA suggests that mix of biofuel and jet fuel reduces emissions from jet engines by 50-70%, reduces contrails from the aircraft, which is positive as these may form cirrus clouds, which in turn increases the temperature below them 

New study shows that star systems in the universe's outskirts do not have as much dark matter as nearby star systems have, being dominated by normal matter 

Study of 400,000 years old skull found in Portugal suggests Neanderthal-like features, oldest discovery in Portugal 

People as happy regardless of whether or not they have sex, according to research based on US surveys taken 1988-2002 

NASA to spend USD 8 billion in search for life on Jupiter moon Europa which is thought to have vast oceans beneath outer layer of ice 

NASA will conduct experiments on the ISS where it freezes atoms to one billionth of a degree above absolute zero, will provide insight into gravity and dark energy, could lead to improved quantum computers 

Researchers claim insight into why giant pandas are black and white – white parts help them blend in during snowy conditions, black hides them in shady forest conditions, black ears show aggression toward attackers 

NASA-led team suggests artificial magnetic field on Mars to deflect radiation and solar wind, atmosphere could get thick enough to melt dry ice, raise temperature and melt water found in the planet's northern pole 

Skeleton parts found in China from unknown human species, more than 100,000-year-old skulls have traits of both Homo sapiens and Neanderthal, may have belonged to Denisovans 

MIT researchers use brain signal triggered when one notices something is wrong to get two-way communication between humans and robots, could in the future be used in self-driving cars or for humans supervising robots 

Study shows wild elephants sleep only two hours per day, least of all mammals – consistent with previous finding that large animals sleep less than small ones 

Colorectal cancer increasing among 20- to 30-year-olds, underlying risk seems to increase, reason unknown — obesity, smoking, IBS or genes may be responsible according to study 

Traces of 3.8 billion year old life found in Quebec in banded iron formations in rock, more than 100 million years older than previous oldest find 

Scientists use lasers to reveal how feathered dinosaur Anchiornis looked, lived in China during late Jurassic, landmark for understanding origin of birds 

International research team produce livermorium, element number 116 in the periodic table, using hot fusion and bombarding curium with calcium 

Hundreds of scientists ask Trump to leave UN climate agreement, claims clear evidence for carbon dioxide helping environment, food crops and other plants, criticize current climate policy 

Study shows bumblebees can solve complex problems despite small brains, learn by watching one another, generalize problems to new situations 

Seven new species of frogs of the genus Nyctibatrachus found in India, four less than 1.5 cm long, five face anthropogenic threats 

Researchers find fossil of 400 million-year-old worm at museum in Canada, three feet long with large jaws, worm partially named after bass player in death metal band Cannibal Corpse 

Solar eclipse in the United States August 21, 2017 will be filmed during entire way through country, volunteers will film allowing researchers to study the sun 

Dwarf planet Ceres in the asteroid belt between Jupiter and Mars houses organic matter according to NASA, contributes to understanding of possible origin of water and organics on Earth 

Researchers at NASA propose new definition of planet, Pluto can once again be classified as a planet 

Honeybees contribute to third of world's food production, population decrease can contribute to reduced harvests, some farmers create their own bee colonies 

Researchers propose the new continent Zealandia, consisting in part of New Zealand, 94% under water, broke away from Australia 80 million years ago 

50,000-year-old microbes and viruses discovered in caves in Mexico, very different from closest related organisms, exist in crystals and live on iron and manganese 

Researchers at Harvard aim to deextinguish woolly mammoth in two years, hybrid called mammophant will be fat, hairy, cold-resistant version of Asian elephant 

Winston Churchill wrote a short essay in 1939 about extraterrestrial life, had the same ideas as today's astrobiologists, life on other planets is possible since universe is so big, predicted other suns would have planets where liquid water exists 

New malaria vaccine gives up to 100% protection in a clinical study published in Nature, 212 million people were affected by the disease in 2015, of which 430,000 died 

Astronomers observe 60 new planets, including a "super Earth", find evidence of 54 other planets, all of Earth's nearest stars have planets orbiting 

Scientists discover fossils proving that the group birds, dinosaurs and crocodiles gave birth to live offspring 245 million years ago 

NASA develops electronic circuits from silicon carbide intended to withstand extreme pressure and heat of Venus' atmosphere 

First-born siblings have higher IQ, higher wages and higher education according to study, born later receive as much love from parents but less mental stimulation 

NASA proposes journey to Jupiter's moon Europa, models predict the moon can produce oxygen and hydrogen, will drill into frozen seas to find isotopes or molecules that could indicate alien life 

Orangutan calls contain more information than previously thought, according to researchers who have studied consonant rather than vowel sounds, can shed light on earliest human language development  

New method for estimating heritability of intelligence and personality points to greater role for genes but through rare genetic variations rather than documented SNPs 

Rare frog not observed in 50 years rediscovered in Zimbabwe, cave squeaker Arthroleptis troglodytes was thought to be extinct but viable population thrives in Chimanimani mountains 

Whales leap above water to communicate, sound of bodies slamming onto surface travels even further than whale song, according to researcher at University of Queensland 

Ice volcano Ahuna Mons on dwarf planet Ceres may have had older siblings — viscoelastic deformation can have leveled older volcanos 

Microbe influence on host behaviour possible explanation for altruistic acts – increased contact with potential new hosts and benefiting other hosts of same microbe could provide adaptive advantages 

Water can be created by reaction of liquid hydrogen and quartz, may explain how the Earth got large amounts of water 

Hamsters in northeastern France becomes cannibals with a corn diet, most likely due to vitamin B3 deficiency, pellagra disease also affects people 

New phase of matter called time crystals exhibits movement in zero-energy ground state, has previously been predicted to exist, now created in laboratory separately with different methods by teams at Harvard and University of Maryland respectively  

Scientists at Harvard produce metallic hydrogen, may revolutionize supply of energy [video]