Science | Corax



Stay-at-home moms with children under 3 years of age happier than ditto full-time workers, link strongest among mothers who left higher quality employment for childcare, according to self-reported 2004–2014 data from 30 European countries

Public servants tend to incorrectly conclude data aligns with their ideological preferences, according to study sampling 2,778 World Bank and UK Department for International Development officials' response to table under different framings

Animal testing shows invertebrates can feel pain, crabs and lobsters deserve protection from boiling alive, hard to see animals suffering according to animal rights activists, biggest problem in the food industry where animals are often mutilated without being killed

New form of matter excitonium proven 50 years after being theorized, made up of electrons exciting valence band and forming exciton bosons by pairing up with the "holes" they left, possible technological applications purely speculative

Astronomers confirm mysterious 400 meter long object hurtling past the sun is an interstellar asteroid, absorbs 96% of the light that falls on its surface and was named 1I/2017 U1(’Oumuamua)

Large abnormal void identified in Great Pyramid of Giza with help of non-invasive muography technique, debate concerning purpose of cavity expected

Astronomers observe interstellar object for first time, A/2017 U1 entered solar system perpendicular to its plane and is thought to be stray asteroid or comet from far away star

AI robot Sophia developed by Hanson Robotics granted citizenship in Saudi Arabia, says she is honored and proud of acknowledgment, describes at same time her efforts to build trust by showing feelings

Stephen Hawking's PhD thesis 'Properties of expanding universes' now available as Open Access, first published in 1966

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency detects enormous cave under the moon's surface, formed by volcanic activity, could protect settlers against heat, cold and radiation

Navigational abilities differ significantly between countries, average result correlates with GDP per capita according to study with 2.5 million participants from all over the world

NASA plans a manned journey to Mars within the next couple of decades, astronauts will be subjected to unusual types of physiological and psychological challenges

Study on mice indicates that both black and green tea increase the body's metabolism, black tea polyphenols stimulate produktion of short-chain fatty acids in the gut

Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in chemistry for the development of cryo-electron microscopy, where biomolecules through freezing can be visualized in electron microscopes, something long believed only to be possible for imaging dead matter

Rainer Weiss, Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in physics for their contributions to the laser based LIGO detector, which in 2015 for the first time detected gravitational waves from two colliding black holes

Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering the molecular mechanisms controlling circadian rhythm

45 cm long tree-dwelling rat weighing 1 kg discovered in Solomon Islands, named Uromys vika in honor of local name for the rodent

Study concluding wax moth Galleria mellonella breaking down polyethylene via gut enzyme not showing sufficient proof, unclear whether plastic digested or broken down via "mechanical milling" and thus chemically unchanged, according to researchers from Johannes Gutenberg-Universität in Mainz

Scientists equip fox squirrels with GPS, find that foraging squirrels will organize caches of nuts by type within a location and not across locations, represents first evidence of "chunking" in scatter-hoarding animals, researchers speculate the chunking heuristic is used to substitute for a central food source, optimizing for secure but memorable caching

Research shows that bats during their evolution didn't meet any vertical smooth surfaces, as a consequence they often fly straight into windows, comparable to a torch in front of a mirror in the dark where no reflection is visible unless standing directly in front of the mirror

Research on Dutch soldiers shows that blood test can answer which people will develop post-traumatic stress symptoms, 40 microRNAs have been found to be at different levels between those who developed PTSD and those who didn't

Researchers develop carbon nanotubes 0.8 nanometers in width, 50,000 times thinner than a human hair, highly permeable to single-file transport of water while blocking salt ions, thin nanotubes provide effective means to desalinate seawater

MDMA granted special designation by US FDA, enabling fast-track of getting drug approved for medical use, trials show good results on PTSD

Fusion reactors can be operational around 2030, according to MIT research, which managed to create fusion with 10 times more powerful output than previously had been possible

Researchers in California find potential vaccine against narcotic effects of heroin, has been found effective on monkeys and mice

Scientists get tobacco plants to produce polio vaccine, becomes a virus-like particle where the outside is similar to polio but inside doesn't contain virus, animal trials show good results, technology isn't limited to polio

Researchers find 91 volcanoes in Antarctica, now a total of 138 volcanoes causing it to unseat East Africa as the place on earth with the most volcanoes, unclear how active the volcanoes are

Overbearing canine mothers have puppies that are less suitable as guide dogs for the blind, the ability to overcome obstacles a key factor in becoming a good guide dog

Researchers create algorithm to predict if a person is depressed based on their Instagram photos, 70% accuracy reported in a study of 166 people, depressed tends to post pictures that are bluer, darker and show fewer faces

New technology can repair cells in the field, consists of a small silicon chip that injects genetic code into skin cells which transforms them into other cells that can treat diseases, trials on mice show good results

Sperm count among western men halved in last 40 years, according to data collected from 185 studies carried out between 1973 and 2011 in North America, Europe and Australia, research involving 43,000 men

Studies show that most drugs remain stable several years after their expiration dates, FDA aware of the fact but indifferent to changing the way expiration dates are set

Habitable zone around TRAPPIST-1 so close to the star that the UV radiation makes it unlikely it could support life according to researchers at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Implanted stents may remain open either by coating the stent with Sildenafil or by taking tablets with Sildenafil, according to study on rats

Priests and rabbis take part in psilocybin experiment to assess how psychedelic experience influence religious thinking – researchers have yet to find willing Muslim and Hindu participants

Researchers have discovered particle with two heavy quarks at the Large Hadron Collider at Cern, the two heavy quarks circle around each other in a binary system, will help to understand how Universe works

Neanderthals met and bred with humans far earlier than expected, according to DNA analysis of 124,000-year-old bone fragment

Methylphenidate treatment before age 16 associated with changed GABA signaling in medial prefrontal cortex in adulthood according to study on 44 ADHD patients

Cameroonian Nso children outperform German children in marshmallow test, wait twice as long and more than twice as many wait full 10 minutes, also exhibit less negative emotions

20% of male river fish transgendered due to contraceptive pills flushed down drains, according to UK study

Pickups and luxury sedans most involved in accidents, compact cars and convertibles least, according to study of 250,000 accidents by insurance company AXA-Winterthur (German)

NASA reveals plans for fission reactors on Mars, part of Kilopower project which has been financed by agency for three years, future Mars expeditions estimated to require 40 kW

Clinical study to evaluate use of MDMA in combination with psychotherapy to treat alcohol addiction, substance has previously been shown effective for treating trauma and improving empathy

130,000 year old Neanderthal teeth found in Croatia have remains of toothpicks, indicates more advanced use of tools than previously expected

Image manipulation common in biomedical research, technical screening can be of help, says Nature editorial

Geoscientists have created a model to predict volcanic eruptions, uses GPS and satellite radar data that measure soil movement in combination with mathematics, can be used to evacuate vulnerable cities quickly and safely

Intubation in cardiac arrest associated with lower survival according to retrospective Danish study, can be due to higher intra-thoracic pressure and impaired circulation rather than delay

Sci-Hub sentenced to pay USD 15 million in damages to Elsevier by New York federal court, Association of American Publishers happy that court did not mistake illegal activity for public good

Male mice exposed to paracetamol in womb less aggressive and sexually active and have lower testosterone levels, according to Danish study, parallel to humans not unlikely

Birds who are good at flying have more elliptic eggs, according to Princeton research which contradicts previous notion that egg shape was adapted to nests

European Space Agency approves mission to study gravitational waves in space after decades of delays and development, launch expected in 2034

Older men more likely to have sons with higher IQ, focus on special interests and more reserved personality, according to British study of 8,000 twins

Trials on mice indicates olive oil protects the brain against Alzheimer's disease, study of mice's brain tissue showed that mice that received olive oil had lower levels of amyloid plaque and had better communication between neurons

Test results of Finnish conscripts born between 1962 and 1976 show positive trends in characteristics associated with high income, similar to Flynn effect for IQ according to article in PNAS

Vaccine targeting endogenous PCSK9 enzyme tested on 72 human volunteers to evaluate cholesterol-lowering effect and safety, trials on mice lowered LDL cholesterol by 50% over a year

Ethanol synthesis from carbon dioxide using copper catalyst novel environmentally friendly method developed at Stanford

Quality time with present father inversely correlated to girls' propensity for risky sexual activity, according to empirical study of separated biological sisters controlling for genetics

Drone equipped with defibrillator can reach patients quicker than ambulances according to Stockholm study, shorter time to first defibrillation increases likelihood of survival

Researchers find extracts of broccoli help obese people suffering from type 2 diabetes control glucose levels in the blood and reduce glucose production, has no effect on people with a normal weight

Researchers create drug that causes the body to create melanin, which makes the skin darker and thereby prevent skin cancer, has been tested on mice and skin samples

Ravens can distinguish between good and bad deals and remember if they are cheated in barter according to study from the Universities in Lund and Vienna

Antiplatelet drug made from snake venom prevents blood clots while not causing excessive bleeding after injury in study on mice in Taiwan

Researchers claim allergies can be cured by gene therapy, take blood stem cells and insert the gene that regulates the allergen protein and put them back into the recipient

Ancient Egyptians closely resembled modern Near Eastern populations, had almost no sub-Saharan African genes, according to German study of genomes from 90 mummies

Study of 20 people shows that hands are as clean in hot as cold water, the amount of soap has no effect, restaurants can save on their electricity bills

The antibiotic vancomycin gets modified in three places, counteracts resistance and makes it effective against multiresistant bacteria

Construction of Extremely Large Telescope started in Chile, largest optical telescope in the world with a 39 meter diameter main mirror

Researcher studied boas in a cave in Cuba, found that the snakes hunted together as the chance of getting a prey was higher than hunting alone

Psychedelic mushrooms safest drug according to Global Drug Survey 2017 with 120,000 participants in 50 countries, only 0.2% of users needed emergency medical treatment compared to 1.3% of alcohol users, mushrooms can cure depression and anxiety and there is no lethal dose

Adenocarcinoma constitutes larger share of lung cancer, holes in light cigarette filters likely cause as it changes combustion and more carcinogens are inhaled, according to review

Very low frequency radio waves seem to protect against Van Allen radiation belt according to measurements by Van Allen probes during solar storm

15 of 16 sea salt products from brands worldwide contain plastic or plastic residues, levels not harmful to human health at present, according to toxicology study from Malaysia

Women's underrepresentation in executive roles can be explained by the fact that it makes them unhappy to a greater extent, according to empirical study of German household data

Myth that obese people can be healthy according to study of 3.5 million people's medical records, are often affected by heart problems and diabetes later in life

Pancreatic islets transplanted to omentum in type 1 diabetic restored insulin independence, decreased effect one year after transplantation

People who drink energy drinks mixed with alcohol experience an increased intoxication which leads to increased risk behavior, reason psychological according to study in Journal of Consumer Psychology

Study of all drugs approved by FDA between 2001-2010 shows that one third of them gave side effects not known at the time of approval, some life threatening, impossible to detect all side effects

Study in the UK shows more than half of e-cigarette users have quit tobacco, increase of e-cigarette has evened out, not all users convinced that e-cigarettes are less harmful

New dangerous opioid combination called "gray death" sold in several US states, looks like cement mix and consists of heroin, fentanyl, carfentanil and U-47700, impossible for user to know how strong it is, can be absorbed through skin

Largest outbreak of measles in Minnesota for 25 years, Somalis most affected as only 40% are vaccinated, belief that vaccines cause autism contributes to problem but lacks scientific evidence

Precise data on how fast people walk can predict dementia and other diseases, to be measured with new device based on reflection of radio waves

Type 2 diabetes and obesity associated with gray matter atrophy in MRI study of 150 people, temporal lobe most vulnerable

Study finds that bricks can be made on Mars simply by pressurizing soil, iron oxide in the soil acts as a binder, is stronger than reinforced concrete

Findings of bones from animals near San Diego are said to be processed with stone hammer, the bones 130,000 years old while previous findings have indicated 15,000 years, walked over a frozen Bering Strait from Asia, several researchers skeptical

Researcher finds that larva Galleria mellonella eats plastic and transforms it into glycol, unclear how process works but identifying the active enzyme would be helpful for managing plastic waste

New form of northern lights categorized through images posted to Facebook, 25 kilometer wide gas stream 3000 degrees hotter than surrounding air named Steve by discovering group

107 scientific papers on cancer research retracted from journal Tumor Biology after revelation of fake peer review where researchers chose their own reviewers

Homo floresiensis not descended from Homo erectus, bone structure dissimilar especially in jaw and pelvis, according to study in Journal of Human Evolution

People over 45 who drink diet soda may be at greater risk of dementia and stroke, according to a study in Massachusetts, was unable to prove that artificial sweeteners were the cause of the diseases

China continues space program by sending unmanned spacecraft to Tiangong-2 space station which will be completed in 2022 and carry out scientific experiments, offers funding for other countries' travel to station

Asteroid 2014 JO25 passes Earth at 4.6 times distance to moon, is at most 1,300 meters long, next known asteroid passing close to Earth will be in 2027

Influenza viruses can be cured with mucus from frogs, according to study, peptides bind to microbes and kills them, tests on mice indicate that several types of influenza can be eliminated

Researchers use MOF, metals mixed with organic compounds, to capture water vapor from the air that becomes drinkable water, requires very little energy, work even in the most arid regions on Earth

Saturn's moon Enceladus has almost all components necessary for live, abundant hydrogen molecules in water and probably methane, according to NASA

Dwarf planet 2014 UZ224, also known as DeeDee, determined to be second to most distant body in solar system with confirmed orbit, is 635 kilometers in diameter and should have enough mass to be spherical

Every fifth published data set about genetics contains name errors, automatic cell formatting in Excel important contributing cause, according to review of 704 studies

Jellyfish may have been first animals on Earth according to study in Nature Ecology & Evolution where genes of fungi, animals and plants are compared

Researchers at UC Berkeley study how forces interact to untie shoe laces, results may shed light on how DNA is destroyed by similar dynamic forces

Canadian ice core archive loses parts of collection as freezer malfunctions, oldest samples from Mount Logan melts

British American Tobacco claims smoking kills, e-cigarettes healthier, has invested a billion dollars in vaping research, Royal College of Physicians shares view