Science | Corax



New vaccine Rotasiil against rotavirus 67% effective in preventing severe diarrhea caused by virus, according to study on 3,500 children in Africa, can last for months without refrigeration 

Dinosaurs appeared 15 million years earlier than previously thought, may have originated in present day Britain, say researchers in first re-evaluation in 130 years 

Researchers can estimate probability of Alzheimer's disease through age and genetic testing, research mostly based on people with European ancestry 

Heart attacks and strokes may be reduced by drug Evolocumab, reduces LDL cholesterol levels according to study in New England Journal of Medicine 

Researchers show mathematically that third law of thermodynamics is correct, can help quantum computers 

New paper based test determines blood type in 30 seconds, useful in emergency rooms and war zones, on market within 1-2 years 

Blue Origin's first space flights with passengers will not be subject to regulations, receives written warning that rocket is not certified by the US government 

Ibuprofen and diclofenac associated with increased risk of cardiac arrest, 31 and 50% respectively, in Danish study of 28,000 people who had cardiac arrest outside hospitals surveyed, 

Fossils of red algae unearthed in India may be 400 million years older than anything resembling such life, discovery of 1.6 billion-year-old fossil indicates visible life might have emerged earlier than previously thought 

Study by NASA suggests that mix of biofuel and jet fuel reduces emissions from jet engines by 50-70%, reduces contrails from the aircraft, which is positive as these may form cirrus clouds, which in turn increases the temperature below them 

New study shows that star systems in the universe's outskirts do not have as much dark matter as nearby star systems have, being dominated by normal matter 

Study of 400,000 years old skull found in Portugal suggests Neanderthal-like features, oldest discovery in Portugal 

People as happy regardless of whether or not they have sex, according to research based on US surveys taken 1988-2002 

NASA to spend USD 8 billion in search for life on Jupiter moon Europa which is thought to have vast oceans beneath outer layer of ice 

NASA will conduct experiments on the ISS where it freezes atoms to one billionth of a degree above absolute zero, will provide insight into gravity and dark energy, could lead to improved quantum computers 

Researchers claim insight into why giant pandas are black and white – white parts help them blend in during snowy conditions, black hides them in shady forest conditions, black ears show aggression toward attackers 

NASA-led team suggests artificial magnetic field on Mars to deflect radiation and solar wind, atmosphere could get thick enough to melt dry ice, raise temperature and melt water found in the planet's northern pole 

Skeleton parts found in China from unknown human species, more than 100,000-year-old skulls have traits of both Homo sapiens and Neanderthal, may have belonged to Denisovans 

MIT researchers use brain signal triggered when one notices something is wrong to get two-way communication between humans and robots, could in the future be used in self-driving cars or for humans supervising robots 

Study shows wild elephants sleep only two hours per day, least of all mammals – consistent with previous finding that large animals sleep less than small ones 

Colorectal cancer increasing among 20- to 30-year-olds, underlying risk seems to increase, reason unknown — obesity, smoking, IBS or genes may be responsible according to study 

Traces of 3.8 billion year old life found in Quebec in banded iron formations in rock, more than 100 million years older than previous oldest find 

Scientists use lasers to reveal how feathered dinosaur Anchiornis looked, lived in China during late Jurassic, landmark for understanding origin of birds 

International research team produce livermorium, element number 116 in the periodic table, using hot fusion and bombarding curium with calcium 

Hundreds of scientists ask Trump to leave UN climate agreement, claims clear evidence for carbon dioxide helping environment, food crops and other plants, criticize current climate policy 

Study shows bumblebees can solve complex problems despite small brains, learn by watching one another, generalize problems to new situations 

Seven new species of frogs of the genus Nyctibatrachus found in India, four less than 1.5 cm long, five face anthropogenic threats 

Researchers find fossil of 400 million-year-old worm at museum in Canada, three feet long with large jaws, worm partially named after bass player in death metal band Cannibal Corpse 

Solar eclipse in the United States August 21, 2017 will be filmed during entire way through country, volunteers will film allowing researchers to study the sun 

Dwarf planet Ceres in the asteroid belt between Jupiter and Mars houses organic matter according to NASA, contributes to understanding of possible origin of water and organics on Earth 

Researchers at NASA propose new definition of planet, Pluto can once again be classified as a planet 

Honeybees contribute to third of world's food production, population decrease can contribute to reduced harvests, some farmers create their own bee colonies 

Researchers propose the new continent Zealandia, consisting in part of New Zealand, 94% under water, broke away from Australia 80 million years ago 

50,000-year-old microbes and viruses discovered in caves in Mexico, very different from closest related organisms, exist in crystals and live on iron and manganese 

Researchers at Harvard aim to deextinguish woolly mammoth in two years, hybrid called mammophant will be fat, hairy, cold-resistant version of Asian elephant 

Winston Churchill wrote a short essay in 1939 about extraterrestrial life, had the same ideas as today's astrobiologists, life on other planets is possible since universe is so big, predicted other suns would have planets where liquid water exists 

New malaria vaccine gives up to 100% protection in a clinical study published in Nature, 212 million people were affected by the disease in 2015, of which 430,000 died 

Astronomers observe 60 new planets, including a "super Earth", find evidence of 54 other planets, all of Earth's nearest stars have planets orbiting 

Scientists discover fossils proving that the group birds, dinosaurs and crocodiles gave birth to live offspring 245 million years ago 

NASA develops electronic circuits from silicon carbide intended to withstand extreme pressure and heat of Venus' atmosphere 

First-born siblings have higher IQ, higher wages and higher education according to study, born later receive as much love from parents but less mental stimulation 

NASA proposes journey to Jupiter's moon Europa, models predict the moon can produce oxygen and hydrogen, will drill into frozen seas to find isotopes or molecules that could indicate alien life 

Orangutan calls contain more information than previously thought, according to researchers who have studied consonant rather than vowel sounds, can shed light on earliest human language development  

New method for estimating heritability of intelligence and personality points to greater role for genes but through rare genetic variations rather than documented SNPs 

Rare frog not observed in 50 years rediscovered in Zimbabwe, cave squeaker Arthroleptis troglodytes was thought to be extinct but viable population thrives in Chimanimani mountains 

Whales leap above water to communicate, sound of bodies slamming onto surface travels even further than whale song, according to researcher at University of Queensland 

Ice volcano Ahuna Mons on dwarf planet Ceres may have had older siblings — viscoelastic deformation can have leveled older volcanos 

Microbe influence on host behaviour possible explanation for altruistic acts – increased contact with potential new hosts and benefiting other hosts of same microbe could provide adaptive advantages 

Water can be created by reaction of liquid hydrogen and quartz, may explain how the Earth got large amounts of water 

Hamsters in northeastern France becomes cannibals with a corn diet, most likely due to vitamin B3 deficiency, pellagra disease also affects people 

New phase of matter called time crystals exhibits movement in zero-energy ground state, has previously been predicted to exist, now created in laboratory separately with different methods by teams at Harvard and University of Maryland respectively  

Scientists at Harvard produce metallic hydrogen, may revolutionize supply of energy [video] 

Artificial intelligence is as good as seasoned dermatologists in identifying skin cancer, algorithm developed at Stanford could be available on smartphones in the future 

Villains' use of British accent in popular culture explained by accent considered more intelligent, educated while at the same time less trustworthy and kind, according to linguistic research 

Icelandic study demonstrates dysgenic development of population, genes linked to higher education become less common as more educated people get children later in life 

Finding of limestone with unusual natural patterns in Croatia indicate Neanderthals had aesthetic sense, were possibly more like humans than previously believed 

Japanese-Belgian research team develops AI headset that measures brain activity and creates customized music to enhance mood of patient, can be used in music therapy 

Climate scientist Judith Curry resigns, academic career has become difficult to reconcile with scientific integrity, private sector more honest 

Stored tissue samples help researchers track involuntary test subjects in Nazi study of learning disabilities 

No scientific evidence that sugar-free soft drinks are healthier or contribute to weight loss according to a study 

Dinosaur species spent up to six months in eggs before hatching according to study, long incubation time might have been decisive disadvantage after meteor impact 66 million years ago 

Swearing people more honest than those who do not, according to psychological study, profanity is unfiltered expression of genuine feelings 

Nine newly discovered species named after President Obama, beats Roosevelt with previous record of seven species 

World's smallest spring created of modified DNA, measuring 30 x 100 nanometers, potential use in machines on nanometer level or as component in semiconductors 

Scientists in Germany, Peru and Taiwan lose access to journals from Elsevier by year-end, declined to renew subscription after long line of price hikes 

Daniel Engber: Kahneman's theory rests on shaky ground when studies of priming prove fallible 

Employees overreport commuting distances to get larger tax deductions, more prone to exaggerate if colleagues do the same, according to study of Austrian data 

Anne Frank's family might not have been betrayed before handed over to Nazi Germany, may have been found by accident when authorities investigated illegal labor or falsified ration coupons 

Erik Verlinde's new theory of gravitation tested for first time, curvature of light around galaxies consistent with predictions according to astronomers at Leiden Observatory 

Researchers develop sawdust to aid in oil spill clean up, powdered and treated with vegetable oil the material absorbs five times its own weight, facilitates burning spills by holding them together and floating at surface 

IEEE launches initiative for developing ethical guidelines for AI, seeks consensus among involved actors 

Researchers in Australia produce a form of diamond 58% harder than regular diamond, a type of Lonsdaleite found naturally in meteorite residue 

Decreased prevalence of cousin marriage improved institutional quality, and resulted in more democracy in Medieval Europe, says empirical study utilizing natural quasi-experiment when church banned family marriage 

Conservative oxygen therapy halved mortality in intensive care unit in randomized open label study of 434 patients 

Oldest instance of smallpox found in Lithuanian child mummy from 1654, says article in Current Biology, beats 300-year-old Siberian mummy 

Icosahedral quasicrystal discovered in Khatyrka meteorite found in Russia in 2011, first time composition observed in nature prior to discovery in laboratory, believed to be result of collisions in space 

Scientists have discovered that killifish has mutated for better survival in toxic waste, species has resilience to waste 8000 times higher than normal 

99-million-year-old dinosaur tail found in Myanmar amber, first discovery of its kind enables researchers to study 3D structure of dinosaur feather arrangement 

Harmin, important component in ayahuasca, stimulates growth in human neural progenitor cell culture in preliminary study 

Malaria present in ancient Rome according to analysis of mitochondrial DNA — likely widespread and very lethal 

German fusion reactor Wendelstein 7-X that was turned on in 2015 works as intended, according to study of its magnetic field 

Breakthrough Prize for scientific progress awarded for fifth time, 25 million USD total prize money to string theory, DNA repair, black holes and modifications to Schrödinger’s equation 

Single dose of psilocybin decreases depression and anxiety in cancer patients, according to two randomised trials with a total of 70 participants 

New study of over 50,000 people in 21 countries show that most people with depression receive inadequate treatment or no treatment at all 

Space probe Cassini enters rings of Saturn to take detailed images and samples of gas and particles 

FDA approves phase 3 trial of MDMA against post-traumatic stress disorder 

Saturn's moon Titan may be suitable for colonization, has atmosphere that protects against cosmic rays, which Mars lacks 

Archaeologists in Egypt find 5,000-year-old city close to Temple of Seti I in Abydos — graves, houses and tools among discoveries 

Article about reaction-free engine developed by NASA published after peer review, scientists speculate effect can be explained by pilot-wave theory 

Dreaming increases speed of learning for Google Deepmind AI, superior strategy in environments lacking positive feedback, lower requirement of data and training makes algorithm more effective 

Exoplanet of type "Super Earth" discovered, just 32.7 light years from Earth, considered to be outside its star's habitable zone 

Researchers hope to recreate the passenger pigeon, extinct since 1914 but earlier enormously abundant in North America 

Blood transfusions from human youth to Alzheimer patients are in clinical trial after young human blood rejuvenated old mice, possible anti-ageing treatment trials 

Lung cancer patient first to be injected with T-cells where gene coding protein PD-1 has been turned off via CRISPR as part of Chinese study on 10 patients 

Insect diet good way to consume iron, comparable to beef according to in vitro study simulating digestion and measuring cell iron uptake 

John Tierney: US science policy can be better under uninterested Trump, Obama prioritized crusade on salt, trans fats, vaporizers, appointed progressive ideologists rather than scientists 

Measles vaccine has saved 20 million lives of children since 2000 according to new estimate by US government agency Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 

Smoking 20 cigarettes per day causes on average 150 mutations per year in lung cells according to study published in Science, connection observed between number of cigarettes smoked and number of mutations in genes related to cancer 

Supermassive black hole B3 1715+425 stripped naked by collision with even larger black hole, observed leaving galaxy at 2,000 kilometers per second 

Researchers show commercial algorithms for facial recognition easily fooled, white man misidentified as Milla Jovovich 88% of the time using simple glasses printed on paper