Science | Corax



Left-wingers have smaller and lower faces, with lips and noses oriented further down towards the chin compared to those with right-leaning views, according to research with 591 participants at Stanford University that shows that political beliefs and facial characteristics correlate

Chinese Academy of Sciences publishes map of moon in the scale of 1:2,500,000 which took 100 scientists more than a decade to compile

Researcher Nathan Cofnas is fired from Emmanuel College, part of the University of Cambridge, for violating its diversity and inclusion policies ​​when he argued that the number of black professors at Harvard would approach zero in a meritocracy and that they would not hold any high-profile positions outside of sports and entertainment

Nobel laureate in physics 2013, Peter Higgs who predicted the existence of the Higgs boson in particle physics in 1964 which was later confirmed at CERN in 2012, dies at the age of 94, was born in Newcastle in 1929 and worked at the University of Edinburgh for almost all of his career

Lyrics have become simpler and more repetitive, according to an Austrian study of 353,320 English-language songs from five decades and five genres published in Nature, including multiple aspects such as vocabulary richness, readability, complexity and the number of repeated lines

Attitudes related to critical social justice correlated with depression, anxiety and lack of happiness but not more so than being on the political left in general, according to two studies in Finland with a total of 5,878 participants, women twice as likely to agree with statements positive to the so-called critical social justice

The Swedish professor of epidemiology Martin Kulldorff was fired from his position at Harvard University for opposing vaccination mandate, writes that ignoring Sweden's actions during the lockdowns is like ignoring a placebo control group, that he could not publish his support for the Swedish solution in the American media, that the state helped Twitter to censor anti-vaccine posts and that science cannot survive in a society that does not value truth and strive to discover it

Statistically significant negative correlation found between penile length in the flaccid state and IQ according to study by Cuntong Wang and Yihe Wangding with data from 115,387 men aged 18 to 65 years from 139 countries, also notable differences between ethnicities were found

85 footprints between 11,700 and 129,000 years old are found on the coast of Larache in Morocco and analysis indicates that they originate from children, adolescents and adults, a mixture of different geographical and meteorological factors ensured that the footprints were preserved

Intelligence negatively correlated with survival of specie, according to study of more than 100 primate genera where cognitive capacity of extinct types is estimated through cranial volume, higher intelligence evolved in punctuated pattern during last 10 million years after split between Hominini and Gorillini

John Tooby passes away at age 71, founded evolutionary psychology as scientific field in collaboration with his wife Leda Cosmides, celebrated by friend Steven Pinker as exceptionally good person and intellectual giant who brought to fruition Darwin's prediction that psychology will be placed on a new foundation

Special solar eclipse in which the sun looks like a ring, called the ring of fire, can be seen over parts of America on Saturday, occurs when the distance is such that the moon does not completely cover the sun

The Nobel Prize in Medicine goes to the Hungarian-American Katalin Kariko and the American Drew Weissman for their development of the mRNA technology that enabled Moderna and Pfizer-BioNtech's vaccine against covid-19, which the article claims proved to be the most effective against the virus, Rickard Sandberg of the Nobel Committee says the vaccine has been administered over 13 billion times, saving millions of lives, preventing serious disease and reducing the overall burden of disease

Humanity consisted of 1280 individuals between 930,000 and 813,000 years ago, according to research using newly developed coalescent method, bottleneck is thought to have lasted for 117,000 years during which the species was close to extinction

Researchers at UC Berkley, California, recreate the Pink Floyd song "Another Brick in the Wall, Part 1" by decoding brain activity using 2,668 electrodes on 29 patients who listened to the song, finding that the more electrodes fed into the model, the better the re-creation skuld become

The United States, through the Anthony Fauci-led NIAID, has funded one of the three Chinese at the Wuhan Institute of Virology believed to be the first to be contaminated by covid-19 in November 2020 of a total of USD 41 million to study the coronavirus, according to documents obtained by Freedom of Information Act request

US intelligence publishes report on the links between the Wuhan institute and the emergence of Covid-19, pointing to the institute's extensive research on the coronavirus and genetic modification, but claims that there is no indication that the virus was created as a biochemical weapon or with genetic modification

Presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy Jr.'s three-hour appearance on Joe Rogan's podcast is criticized by pro-vaccine pediatrician Peter Hotez who claims misinformation, Rogan promises to donate USD 100,000 to a charity of Hotez's choice if he debates Kennedy Jr. with no time limit and investor Bill Ackman is chipping in with USD 150,000, seems like the debate might happen

First babies with DNA from three people born in UK, after experiment with innovative IVF treatment called Mitochondrial Donation Threatment in hopes of preventing rare genetic diseases

Tech billionaire Peter Thiel plans to be cryogenically frozen after death with the hope of one day returning to life, says he doesn't really believe it will work and sees it as more of an ideological stance

Author and philosopher Yuval Noah Harari warns that artificial intelligence could create religious scriptures and attract worshippers, saying that of course religions throughout history have claimed that their holy books were written by unknown human intelligence, which has never been true but could very quickly become the case with far-reaching consequences

Mammoth meatballs are made by Australian company Vow by taking the DNA sequence from the extinct animal's myoglobin, filling in the gaps with elephant genetic material and replicating the sequence in sheep stem cells, co-founder Tim Noakesmith says the mammoth was chosen because it is a symbol of the loss of diversity and for climate change

20,000-year-old inscriptions apparently deciphered by hobby archaeologist Ben Bacon, who spent seven years solving the problem, are believed to be lunar calendars and are at least 10,000 years older than other similar finds

The durability of Roman concrete is due to millimeter-scale lime clasts that used to be disregarded as evidence of sloppy mixing practices or poor-quality raw materials, according to a team of investigators from MIT and Harvard University, professor Admir Masic says that the idea of low

How attractive one perceives oneself has a significant effect on the willingness to wear a mask, according to a Korean study published in Frontiers in Psychology

December 2022 the coldest month in hundred years in Reykjavik in Iceland with an average temperature of minus 3.9 degrees Celcius which is 4.9 degrees below the average in the last ten years, despite the cold the number of hours of sunshine was more than usual

Invasive black rats cause tropical reef fish to be less aggressive to eachother and to need larger territories as the available nutrient content drops, first time such behavior change is noticed, islands with invasive rats have up to 720 times smaller seabird density which leads to 251 times

Doctors and their families are less likely to comply with the guidelines about prescription drugs, according to a study published in the American Economic Review: Insights that examined Swedish data from 2005 to 2016 and included nearly 6 million people of whom about 150,000 were doctors and

Birth control can affect sexual preferences, says psychologist Sarah Hill at Texas Christian University, hormones affect our preferences and can sometimes cause a different direction than what brain would normally do, support from scientific studies as well as anecdotal evidence from online forums

More than 70 percent of children between the ages of 7 and 12 are concerned about climate change, according to a survey of 1,000 participants by eco-grocery start up Modern Milkman, 85 percent think it's everyone's responsibility to address the issue and 91 percent believe personal actions can have an impact

Second-generation immigrants in European countries are much more left-wing than their host-nation peers, comparable to the urban-rural discrepancy, in European study published in the National Bureau of Economic Research, using data on individual voting behavior in 22 European countries between 2001 and 2017

Illumina announces a machine that will be able to do a full genome sequencing for around USD 200 per human, the company has 80% of the market globally, CEO Francis deSouza believes we’re entering the era of genomic medicine going mainstream, Stacey Gabriel, chief genomics officer at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard says that researchers will be able to apply added sequencing power through increasing the diversity of genomic datasets since it is a problem for medicine that the vast majority of DNA data has come from people of European descent because different populations might have different disease-causing genetic variations

NASA's 600 kg DART probe slams into 163-meter-wide asteroid Dimorphos at 22,500 kph, the main camera beamed a photo to Earth every second until the feed went black as the spacecraft crashed into the asteroid 11 million kilometers away, DART's mission systems engineer Elena Adams says everything seems to have been a success but it will take time to see the true results of the mission

Nasa spacecraft Dart to crash into asteroid Dimorphos almost 10 millions of kilometers away head-on at 22 500 kph on Monday to nudge it into slightly tighter orbit around companion space rock, demonstrating humans would stand a fighting chance of diverting any future killer asteroid heading towards Earth

150 million-year-old marine invertebrate with ten arms named Ausichicrinites zelenskyyi to honor the Ukraine president's courage and bravery in defending the country, the well-preserved fossil that was unearthed in Ethiopia is a feather star which are spectacularly colored and let nutrients moved by the current come to them as they wave their arms, the feather star also have the ability to shed an arm as anti-predator response

Covid-19 variant Omicron BA.5 which accounts for 54% of the US cases is claimed to pose the biggest threat yet to immune protection as it along with BA.4's 17% is four times more resistant to antibodies from vaccines than BA.2, Pfizer says it can have an updated vaccine targeting BA.4 and BA.5 ready to be distributed in October, the most common symptoms in the UK where the variants also dominate is a runny nose, sore throat, headache, persistent cough and fatigue with less than one in three reporting fevers

50 mg intravenous vitamin C per kilogram of body weight every 6 hours for up to 96 hours resulted in 17% increased risk of dying, according to Canadian randomized and placebo-controlled trial on 872 adults with sepsis who were receiving vasopressor therapy in the intensive care unit

Low butyrylcholinesterase levels linked to 1.3 times increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome according to Australian study comparing blood samples from 655 healthy children, 26 who died of Sids and 41 who died of other causes, the enzyme plays a major role in the brain's arousal pathway and a deficit might reduce an infant's ability to wake or respond to the external environment such as overheating or a blanket over the face

Pack of orcas attack and kill blue whales, some push the blue whale under water while other attack the head and tongue, three killings documented, marine ecologist Robert Pitman comments that it is amazing to see the biggest apex predator taking down the biggest prey

New insect species Phlogis kibalensis of the leafhopper family identified in western Uganda's rainforest by British scientist Dr Alvin Helden, the 6.5mm long male has distinctive metallic sheen, pitted body and leaf shaped reproductive organs, first Phlogis genus sighting since 1969

Chinese nuclear fusion reactor research facility in Anhui runs at 70 million degrees Celsius for over 17 minutes which lays a solid scientific and experimental foundation towards the running of a fusion reactor, according to researcher Gong Xianzu at the Institute of Plasma Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Nasa launches USD 10 billion James Webb Space Telescope on to its one-million-mile voyage into solar orbit to give widest ever spectrum view to be able to peer back in time 13.5 billion years to a point within a 100 million years of the Big Bang, lifted off from European Space Agency's base in French Guiana

Researchers discoveres well-preserved 72-to 66-million-year-old embryo inside 17-cm long fossilised dinosaur egg, found in the rocks of Ganzhou in southern China and belongs to toothless theropod dinosaur group called oviraptorosaur, the embryo posture is similar to that seen in modern-day bird embryos

New planet detection algorithm used to identify 366 new exoplanets, including one planetary system that comprises a star and at least two gas giant planets, could help understand what building blocks are needed for successful planet formation, according to astronomers at University Of California

Researchers should be banned from using the word Caucasian because it is associated with a racist and pseudo-scientific classification of humans, instead the term "the European-associated principal component analysis cluster" should be used, according to paper written by five Cambridge and University College London scientists

Norwegians have as much sex as they had 20 years ago, unlike rest of the West where sexual activity is generally declining, according to survey with 4,000 participants

Chinese Tianwen-1 spacecraft successfully lands on Mars' surface on the vast plain Utopia Planitia on Saturday, leaving its orbit where it's been since March, the rover Zhurong is later to depart from its platform to conduct inspections on the ground

Nasa’s science rover Perseverance streaks through the Martian atmosphere and lands safely on the floor of a vast crater, the six-wheeled rover being the most advanced astrobiology laboratory ever sent to another world will search for possible fossilized signs of microbes

Method for blocking sunlight developed by balloon test over northern Sweden although first version will not disperse darkening particles, Harvard scientist are behind project which is controversial as it may decrease interest in cutting greenhouse gas emissions

Sharing bed with dogs beneficial for length and quality of sleep say researchers who surveyed 962 American women, dogs disturb less than human bed fellows and give stronger feelings of comfort and security, cats as disruptive as humans and the least comfort inducing of the three species studied

Previously unknown whale species discovered in waters west of Mexico, US marine biologists were looking for beaked whales when they notice individuals with unusual teeth placement and unique calls, water samples taken in hope of doing DNA analysis

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine awarded to Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus, which essentially eliminated post-transfusion hepatitis

The Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Roger Penrose for the discovery that black hole formation is a prediction of the general theory of relativity and to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy

Hundreds died or developed heart failure in Britain as result of not seeking treatment for their heart attack due to Covid-19 fears, with 5,000 fewer admissions with heart attack than expected by the end of May, according to University study published in The Lancet

22-year-old Grey parrot outperforms 21 Harvard students and 21 6- to 8-year-old children in complex version of shell game where participants needed to track locations of fluffy pom-poms hidden under cups that swapped places an increasing number of times

Magnetic north pole shifting with increasing speed from Canada toward Siberia due to changes in underground blobs of molten iron, blob under Canada split in two about 20 years ago and largest part is now shifting toward corresponding blob under Siberia

Female mosquitoes carrying the microbe Microsporidia MB are protected from being infected with malaria, 295 out of 4270 mosquitoes in Kenya tested postitive for the microbe while none were of these were infected with malaria study published in Nature Communications says, seen as potential for controlling spread of disease to humans

Stephen Wolfram announces new framework for creating fundamental theory of physics, claims to be able to derive general relativity and quantum mechanics among others from set of basic premises, launches research program to be conducted with maximum transparency online

SETI@home shuts down after 20 years of enabling volunteers to contribute computing power to the search for extraterrestial life, reasons include diminishing returns and need to focus more on analyzing the results already achieved

Largest explosion ever observed came from supermassive black hole in galaxy cluster Ophiuchus 390 million lightyears from Earth, according to researches who studied it using four radio telescopes including two in orbit, one i Australia and one in India

Two distinct forms of schizophrenia exists and are associated with different changes in brain structure, one with lower volume of grey matter and the other with increased volumes in some structure but normal volume overall, according to researches who studied 307 schizophrenics and 364 healthy subjects with magnetic resonance imaging

Covid-19 stimulates new culture of research where results are published faster and more researchers collaborate, central roles are played by prepublishing services like bioRxiv and medRxiv as well as communication platforms like Slack and Twitter where researchers analyze information in real time

All humans have Neanderthal ancestry, not only non-Africans as previously thought, according to Princeton researchers using novel computational method for identifying genetic overlap, Africans got Neanderthal genes due to migration from Europe

Study shows ambient lighting modulates fatty acid secretion within fat cells, infrequent exposure to full-spectrum light leads to increased risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome among mice, whether the same mechanism obtains for human metabolism is yet to be determined

Cerebral cortex not as important for feeling pain as previously believed, implying that fetuses might be able to feel pain as early as 12 weeks into pregnancy, rather than currently believed 24 weeks, according to literature review by Stuart WG Derbyshire and John C Bockmann

Studies show ostensibly non-psychoactive medications are more deleterious to psychological wellbeing than previously thought, statins, paracetamol and Parkinson's medicines found to exacerbate aggression, dull empathy and promote high-risk behaviour respectively, cause for great concern in hyper-medicated West

Scientists pit doctors against AI in identifying breast cancer, neural networks consistently outperform medical professionals studying mammograms, inability to experience fatigue believed to be main advantage over humans, Google Health and Imperial College London publish findings in Nature

MRI scans before and after nine polar explorers spent 14 months in Antarctica in isolation revealed areas of brain with roles in learning, emotions and memory shrunk during trip while people staying home instead saw some growth, while levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor decreased 45 %

70 research teams analyzed same set of fMRI data but came to very different conclusions, no two teams chose identical workflows for analysis, likelihood of significant findings systematically overestimated

Private property decisive factor behind the neolithic revolution, farming initially no more productive than hunting and gathering but facilitated the application of property rights, according to study published in the Journal of Political Economy

The Nobel Prize of Chemistry jointly awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for the development of lithium-ion batteries [pdf]

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly awarded to William G. Kaelin Jr., Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability

Russian space agency Roscosmos report that they have found the cause of a hole in the International Space Station but refuse to share the information, the hole appeared last year in the Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft that was docked to the station, caused loss of air pressure and was repaired using epoxy, gauze and tape

Scientists think they have found way to stop common cold and related viruses which can cause paralysis, genetically turning off protein inside cells the viruses need to replicate gave complete protection in trial on mice, plan to find drug which can temporarily suppress the protein

Chinese scientist might be closer to a HIV cure after trials using gene-editing technique CRISPR to edit the CCR5 gene show promise

International collaboration claims to have created hybridized human-monkey embryos in China, aims to create organ factories for transplants, project leader Juan Carlos Izpisúa Belmonte previously failed to grow pig embryos using human stem cells

Russian space mission carrying the Spektr-RG telescope launched from Baikonur, Kazakhstan, joint venture with Germany aims to map X-rays across entire sky, trace the large-scale structure of Universe, provide insights on accelerating behaviour of cosmic expansion and identify a large number of new X-ray sources, including large black holes

New research on hominin skull fossil Apidima 1 suggests Homo Sapiens were in Europe more than 200,000 years ago, 150,000 years earlier than modern humans were believed to have spread to the continent, fossil was found in Greece in the 1970s

Researchers find correlation between amount of money in a lost wallet and return rate, the more money the bigger likelihood to report a lost wallet, contrary to predictions made by top-performing academic economists

Ionizing radiation not as dangerous to astronauts as previously believed, study of 418 spacefaring individuals finds no increased risk of death from cancer or heart disease

Planting trees most effective method of countering climate change, say researchers at ETH Zürich, planet has room for 500 billion more trees which would bind 200 billion tonnes of carbon and reduce atmospheric carbon by 25%

13-year-old Canadian Nora Keegan publishes research paper examining loudness of automated hand dryers on children's heights, assessing 44 different models, some operating at 110 decibels, also developed a synthetic air filter reduces noise by 11 decibels

Swedish and British scientists show individual’s genetic make-up has great influence on whether they choose to acquire a dog, concordance rates of dog ownership much larger in identical twins than in non-identical ones, next step to identify which genetic variants affect this choice using data from Swedish Twin Registry

Parents who raise their children as vegans should face prosecution, according to Royal Academy of Medicine of Belgium, comes after a number of deaths related to the diet, an estimated 3% of Belgian children forced to eat vegan

32-year-old Greek woman gives birth to boy with DNA from three people, using experimental form of IVF using an egg from the mother, sperm from the father and another egg from a donor woman, some say procedure raises ethical questions, Dr Panagiotis Psathas, president of Institute of Life in Athens, says every woman's inalienable right to become a mother with her own genetic material has become a reality

International collaboration Event Horizon Telescope says it captured first ever image of a black hole, located at center of galaxy Messier 87, 55 million light-years from Earth and with a mass 6.5 billion times that of the Sun

Most links between personality traits and life outcomes replicated in large-scale project, but associations may not be as strong as reported in results originally published

Japanese Hayabusa-2 spacecraft thought to have detonated explosive charge on asteroid Ryugu, idea to create artificial crater to better understand how Earth was formed in early Solar System, probe later to return to gather samples from gouged depression

Study on mosquito feeding and breeding habits finds insects are less likely to eat or reproduce when Skrillex song "Scary Monsters and Nice Sprites" is playing, researchers believe findings can be used to help develop ways to control Aedes aegypti-carried diseases

55% of non-cyclists rate cyclists not completely human, Australian study with 442 participants conclude, 9% admit they used their car to cut off a cyclist, professor Narelle Haworth finds the word "cyclist" dehumanising and wants to replace it with "people who ride bikes"

Tyrannosaurus rex discovered 1991 in western Canada world's biggest, team of paleontologists say after decades-long skeleton reconstruction process, estimated at 13 meters and more than 8,800 kilos, T. rex nicknamed Scotty is the oldest known having lived into its 30s

Mitochondrial DNA analysis may identify serial killer Jack the Ripper as Polish barber Aaron Kosminski, was identified by witness to one of the killings who then refused to testify against him, scientists analyzed blood-stained shawl from fourth victim Catherine Eddowes, linking Kosminski to the crimes

Chimpanzees living in proximity to humans are losing their capacity for diverse behaviour, some behaviours not yet documented may be lost through this process, researchers underscore the importance of conservation efforts

European particle physics research centre Cern decides not to extend Professor Alessandro Strumia's status of guest professor, decision follows investigation into comments made by Prof Strumia on gender equality, have said "physics was invented and built by men, it's not by invitation" and that work conducted by female physicists is not as good as their male counterparts

Person with HIV seems free of virus after receiving a stem-cell transplant from donor with two copies of mutation in CCR5 gene that gives people resistance to HIV infection, second patient free of HIV which could pave way for future treatments

The Food and Drug Administration approves antidepressant medication Spravato for patients with major depressive disorder who have tried other antidepressant medicines but have not responded to treatment, medication works within hours rather than weeks as is common with other drugs, comes in a nasal spray but will only be available through a restricted distribution system

Scientists inject nanoparticle into mice eyes giving them "supervision", researchers in China and Massachusetts used an "ocular nanoparticle" that granted the mice ability to perceive near-infrared light, normal vision was unharmed in the procedure

NASA satellites reveal iceberg twice the size of New York City threatens to break free from Antarctica as two cracks are about to meet, could threaten research stations operating in Antarctica

Japanese spacecraft Hayabusa2 successfully lands on "Ryugu" asteroid 280 million km from Earth, the mission was delayed four months as the JAXA crew searched for an appropriate landing site, samples will be collected and returned to Earth intended to answer questions about the origins of the solar system

Funeral remains found in Iberian Peninsula demonstrate humans domesticated foxes during Bronze Age, researchers use multiple methods to analyze diet composition of recovered dogs and foxes which indicate shared food sources with humans, "Can Roqueta" fox shows a wounded animal whose ligaments appear to have been healed by human methods, evidence of cereal-based diet and spinal injuries suggests dogs used for carrying heavy loads